Aixa binte Abu Baquir ou Aixa binte Abu-Becre (em árabe: عائشة بنت أبي بكر; romaniz. Her Early Life: Aisha bint Abi Bakr (R.A.) was born in Makkah in 613 or early 614 CE, three or four years after Messenger of Allah’s (S.A.W.) [27][28][29], Aisha's age at the time of her marriage is frequently mentioned in Islamic literature. They could not catch up with the soldiers for a long time. Why holdest thou to be forbidden that which Allah has made lawful to thee? To allow for changes, click the lock in the bottom left. prescribe (treatment) for me as did he when the people became ill. in these verses that what was said about Aisha bint Abi Bakr (R.A.) was nothing but slander. [49][50][51][52][53] There are several hadiths, or stories or sayings of Muhammad, that support this belief. For the last two years of her life, Aisha spent much of her time telling the stories of Muhammad, hoping to correct false passages that had become influential in formulating Islamic law. This was of great importance to those who supported Aisha's position in the debate of the succession to Muhammad. He (S.A.W.) Her parents were very scared because they were worried that the rumors would be confirmed by Allah. He (S.A.W.) Hz Aisha bint Abu Bakr (RA), the daughter of Hz Abu Bakr as-Siddique (RA), was born in Mecca in 614 CE. During Caliphate of Uthman ibn Affan (R.A.), Aisha (R.A.) had little involvement with him for the first couple years but eventually she found a way into the politics of his reign. All what they feed on were just dates and water. Aisha's forces were defeated and an estimated 10,000 Muslims were killed in the battle,[99] considered the first engagement where Muslims fought Muslims. [24], There was no official registration of births at the time that Aisha was born, so her date of birth, and therefore the date of marriage, cannot be stated with certainty. L’histoire d’Aïcha la mère des croyants est née à la Mecque, 7 ans avant l’hégire. When the state of revelation ended, the Messenger of Allah (S.A.W.) Allah clearly declared in the verses of Quran (Surah Nur-24: Verses 11-20) that Aisha (R.A.) was innocent. She was also awarded a pension by Ali. The Incident of Ifk is the slander by Abdullah bin Ubai, the leader of the hypocrites, against Aisha bint Abi Bakr (R.A.). Much of her time was spent learning and acquiring knowledge of the Quran and the Sunnah. She contributed to the spread of Muhammad's message and served the Muslim community for 44 years after his death. In the dialog that appears, scroll down to the "Location" location and privacy settings to factory defaults." was buried where he (S.A.W.) On your phone or tablet, open the Settings app. He wanted to promote the interests of the Umayyads. ), which consisted of a room beside the Masjid-e-Nabawi (Prophet's Mosque) in Madinah and the house was built of clay and palm-trees. Afterward, she lived quietly in Medina for more than twenty years, took no part in politics, became reconciled to Ali and did not oppose caliph Mu'awiya.[15]. A prominent opposition that arose towards him was when ‘Uthmān mistreated ‘Ammar ibn Yasir (companion of Muhammad) by beating him. Word spread to the small Muslim community that Muhammad's wives were speaking sharply to him and conspiring against him. IslamicFinder © 2021. When Ali could not execute those merely accused of Uthman's murder, Aisha delivered a fiery speech against him for not avenging the death of Uthman. When he entered upon one of us, she said that to him. [45] Gibril Haddad criticizes this approach as relying on a single narrator, and notes that a hadith from the same narrator gives a broader range for the age difference between the sisters. "[104] After the death of Muhammad, Aisha was discovered to be a renowned source of hadiths, due to her qualities of intelligence and memory. With the funds from the "Yemeni Treasury" Aisha set out on a campaign against the Rashidun Caliphate of Ali. Aisha was known for her "...expertise in the Quran, shares of inheritance, lawful and unlawful matters, poetry, Arabic literature, Arab history, genealogy, and general medicine. She (R.A.) replied it was a horse. Aisha's accusers were subjected to punishments of 80 lashes.[72]. On one such instance, Muhammad's "announcement of a revelation permitting him to enter into marriages disallowed to other men drew from her [Aisha] the retort, 'It seems to me your Lord hastens to satisfy your desire! [42], Aisha's age at marriage has been a source of controversy and debate, and some historians, scholars, and writers have revisited the previously-accepted timeline of her life. as "the mothers of the believers." Her… Aisha bint Abu Bakr. By the end of this time, his wives were humbled; they agreed to "speak correct and courteous words"[76] and to focus on the afterlife. grief when he (S.A.W.) [23] British historian William Montgomery Watt suggests that Muhammad hoped to strengthen his ties with Abu Bakr;[15] the strengthening of ties commonly served as a basis for marriage in Arabian culture. at the army's next camp. Aisha Bint Aby Bakr RA. In particular, Muhammad's unions with Aisha and Hafsa bint Umar associated him with two of the most significant leaders of the early Muslim community, Aisha's and Hafsa's fathers, Abu Bakr and ‘Umar ibn al-Khattāb, respectively. Marriage at a young age was not unheard of at the time, and Aisha's marriage to Muhammad may have had a political connotation, as her father Abu Bakr was an influential man in the community. One hadith recorded in the works of some medieval scholars, including al-Dhahabi,[44] states that Aisha's older sister Asma was ten years older than her. [46] Using reports on the birth year of Fatimah as a reference point, the Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement scholar Muhammad Ali has estimated that Aisha was over ten years old at the time of marriage and over fifteen at the time of its consummation. ‘Umar, Hafsa's father, scolded his daughter and also spoke to Muhammad of the matter. asked her what it was. These supporters considered that as Muhammad's only virgin wife, Aisha was divinely intended for him, and therefore the most credible regarding the debate. ), then moved to Aisha's (R.A.) home/room who took care of him day and night. She was born a Muslim and had been brought up in a pure environment and spent her formative years with the purest and best of all creatures i-e Messenger of Allah (S.A.W.). Hisham said: It also meant his saying, "I will not drink anymore, and I have taken an oath, so do not inform anybody of that'. The sīra of Ibn Ishaq edited by Ibn Hisham states that she was nine or ten years old at the consummation. Aicha bint abu bakr nous a même offert un excellent modèle d’approche sur la beauté de la relation entre frères et sœurs. The first was Khadija, and the second was Aisha. Once Abdullah ibn Abbas (R.A.) was asked about the interpretation of the verses related to Aisha (R.A.), he explained them as follows: Her parents were overpowered by a proud sense of relief; pride that their daughter had been honored with a Quranic revelation, and relief that she was acquitted of any wrongdoing. was depressed that such false, sly and planned slander spread among people. Thereby I memorized such prescriptions.”. [16] According to John Esposito, Aisha was married to Muhammad in Mecca in 624 CE, after Hegira to Medina and the Battle of Badr. He said: This is for that outstripping. Hazrat Aisha Siddiqa (RA) is known as the mother of the believers. he responded, "Aisha. Aisha (R.A.) was the only wife of the Prophet (S.A.W.) Due to her knowledge of Quran and Sunnah/Hadith, Aisha (R.A.) became involved in the politics of early Islam and the first three caliphate reigns. Asmaa bint Abi Bakr (en arabe : ʾasmāʾ bint ʾabī bakr, أسماء بنت أبي بكر) est la fille d'Abu Bakr.Elle serait née vers 595. Elle a passé les premières années avec son père Abo Bakr El Siddiq qu’ALLAH l’agrée. After Messenger of Allah’s (S.A.W.) The first to respond to Aisha was Abdullah ibn Aamar al-Hadhrami, the governor of Mecca during the reign of Uthman, and prominent members of the Banu Umayya. message and served the Muslim community for 44 years after the death of Messenger of Allah (S.A.W.). As narrated by Aisha bint Abu Bakr (R.A.), who said: It shows that Messenger of Allah (S.A.W.) [89] Arising from this comment, was the question of whether Aisha and for that matter women, still could be involved in public affairs. As the chamber, in which she was travelling, was veiled and her absence was not noticed until the army reached the next stop for rest. Sie selbst starb im Alter von 66 Jahren. [11] Because of her involvement in this battle, Shia Muslims have a generally negative view of Aisha. Ask when a site tries to track your physical location: [22][23] After this, the previous agreement regarding the marriage of Aisha with Jubayr ibn Mut'im was put aside by common consent. All discussions and debate about her age at marriage rely on, firstly, the various ahadith, which are regarded by most Muslims as records of the words and actions of Muhammad and as a source for religious law and moral guidance, second only to that of the Qur'an. [85] Abu Bakr had two advantages in achieving his new role: his long personal friendship with Muhammad and his role as a father-in-law. Ibn Khallikan, alors qu’Ibn Sa'd al-Baghdadi, citant Hisham ibn Urwah, soutient qu’elle avait 9 ans au mariage et 12 ans lors de la consommation . ‘The mothers of faithful’ eventually figured out that he (S.A.W.) The traditions regarding Aisha habitually opposed ideas unfavorable to women in efforts to elicit social change.[105]. I also heard the people prescribing treatment to each other. Men also attended Aisha's classes, with a simple curtain separating the male and female students. During the Caliphate of Ali ibn Talib (R.A.), Aisha (R.A.) retired from her public role in politics and became a teacher in Madinah. ‘Aïcha a vécu son enfance avec son père et … [107] After the death of Muhammad, Aisha was regarded as the most reliable source in the teachings of hadith. She died in Ramadan 58 AH during the caliphate of Mu‘awiya... Aisha was born at the beginning of the fourth year of prophethood. was due with Aisha (R.A.) and they then allowed him to retire there. She (RA) was born in Makkah in the year 614 CE. ‘A’isha was eighteen years of age at the time when the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) died and she remained a widow for forty-eight years till she died at the age of sixty-seven. [93][94] Ali reportedly initially refused the caliphate, agreeing to rule only after his followers persisted.  contact us. Die Mutter von Aischa (ALLAHs Wohlgefallen auf ihr) hieß Umm Rumman. [33] Sahih al-Bukhari's hadith says "that the Prophet married her when she was six years old and he consummated his marriage when she was nine years old. She is one of the best examples for Muslims to look to for inspiration and her story sheds light on the life of the early Muslims and the Messenger of Allah. Aisha died at her home in Medina on 17 Ramadan 58 AH (16 July 678). [92] After killing Uthman, the rebels asked Ali to be the new caliph, although Ali was not involved in the murder of Uthman according to many reports. for this device," tap the blue words > on the next Settings Due to this, Aisha's political influence continues to impact those in Islam. was smiling happily. ", He said: "Her farther. Hazrat Aisha (RA) is the daughter of the beloved companion of Hazrat Muhammad (SAW), Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique (RA). Er wurde nachts auf dem Friedhof von Baqi beigesetzt. "[34] Other sources differ on the age of marriage, but agree that the marriage was not consummated at the time of the marriage contract. A'ishah bint Abi Bakr (613/14 d. C. – 16 de julio de 678 d. C.) (en árabe: عائشة) [1] fue la tercera y más joven de las esposas de Mahoma, y su esposa favorita, por lo curiosa que era. Also, at such a tender age, she (R.A.) had a memory like a computer, which never seemed to fail her. As caliph, Abu Bakr was the first to set guidelines for the new position of authority. [1] Some such as Sibt ibn al-Jawzi,[110] Hakim Sanai,[111] and Khwaja Mehboob Qasim Chishti Muhsarafee Qadiri[112] say that she was murdered by Muawiyah. [citation needed], Aisha, along with an army including Zubayr ibn al-Awam and Talha ibn Ubayd-Allah, confronted Ali's army, demanding the prosecution of Uthman's killers who had mingled with his army outside the city of Basra. 6. Select one of these permissions: Allow all sites to track your physical location: Select Since 2012-12-06. Muhammad's subsequent marriages were depicted purely as political matches rather than unions of sexual indulgence. and his companions on every possible occasion. The room was furnished with a mattress of palm-leaves beneath which there was nothing but a mat. Sie war die Tochter von Abu Bakr As-Siddiq, der Lieblingsgefährte des Gesandten Allahs (ALLAHs Frieden und Segen über ihn). She participated in the battle by giving speeches and leading troops on the back of her camel. Much of her time was spent learning and acquiring knowledge of the Quran and the sunnah of Muhammad. The Messenger of Allah (S.A.W.) this option to let all sites automatically see your location. Join 1,000,000+ subscribers and get latest updates about IslamicFinder features and articles. All information on is verified by professionals beforehand. The Prophet (S.A.W. Aisha Bint Abu Bakr RA Umm-Al-Mu’min in (Mother of Believers)Note: For ease of reading, we have not inserted “May Allah be pleased with her (RA)” each time Aisha’s RA name or the name of each Companion is mentioned, but please take it that the salutations apply to all of them, may Allah be pleased with them all. This incident reveals several things about her. faced opposition in spreading the message of Allah. I once asked her, "What about medicine? The Muslim community became split: "some sided with Uthmān, but others demanded to know who indeed had a better right than Aisha in such matters". Aisha (R.A.) was in extreme pain and anguish for an entire month because of the slander that was spread about her. Er betete zu Allah ta'ala u… "[69], Aisha and Muhammad would often have races with each other, " I had a race with him (the Prophet) and I outstripped him on my feet. The Messenger of Allah (S.A.W.) She was 67 years old. She was involved in religious matters and political events as well. [30] Several scholars interpret this to indicate that she reached puberty at this age,[15][16][31][32] although her age at the time is the subject of dispute. He was still sitting in her house when he announced that he had received a revelation from God confirming Aisha's innocence. [91] The city continued to oppose ‘Uthmān, but as for Aisha, her journey to Mecca was approaching. Providing a comprehensive view of Islam and Muslims to cultivate peace, promote universal values, and dialogue among civilizations since 1995 [87], In 634 Abu Bakr fell sick and was unable to recover. [9][10][11], Aisha had an important role in early Islamic history, both during Muhammad's life and after his death. married her according to Allah’s command. He remained in Aisha's apartment until his death, and his last breath was taken as he lay in the arms of Aisha, his most beloved wife.[78][79][80][81][82]. The battle is known as the Battle of the Camel, after the fact that Aisha directed her forces from a howdah on the back of a large camel. Among Prophet's (S.A.W.) ), Abu Bakr Siddiq (R.A.). Elle joue un rôle important pendant les premières années de l'islam. 5. She saw the rules of four caliphs in her lifetime. [47], Noting the references to Aisha's age as either nine or ten at the age of consummation, American historian Denise Spellberg states that "these specific references to the bride's age reinforce Aisha's pre-menarcheal status and, implicitly, her virginity". Thou seekest to please thy consorts. As a wife of the Prophet (S.A.W. She expressed herself as a role model to women, which can also be seen within some traditions attributed to her. During a time in Islam when women were not expected, or wanted, to contribute outside the household, Aisha delivered public speeches, became directly involved in war and even battles, and helped both men and women to understand the practices of the Messenger of Allah (S.A.W.). This book is about Aisha bint Abu Bakr, who was the beloved wife of the noble Prophet, the daughter of the blessed Prophet's best friend, Abu Bakr and the Mother of the Believers. [116][117], The Shia view Aisha is different than Sunni. [25] Her age is not mentioned in the Qur'an. 6 141 vues. [86], Aisha garnered more special privileges in the Islamic community for being known as both a wife of Muhammad and the daughter of the first caliph. Prophet (S.A.W.) When the march for return from Banu Mustaliq was ordered, Aisha (R.A.) was not in her tent, having gone to search for a necklace she had dropped (which was given to her by her Mother). Umm-Al-Mu’minin (Mother of Believers)Note: For ease of reading, we have not inserted “May Allah be pleased with her (RA)” each time Aisha’s RA name or the name of each Companion is mentioned, but please take it that the salutations apply to all of them, may Allah be pleased with them all. As per different Islamic sources, all of Aisha's (R.A.) accusers were subjected to punishments of 80 lashes. The other two ‘Hafiza’ are Hafsa bint Umar (R.A.) and Umm Salama (R.A.). began to ask his wives whose home/room he (S.A.W.) Typical examples can be found in, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFGuillaume1955 (, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFSpellbergAghaie (, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFHolt1977 (, CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (, International propagation of Salafism and Wahhabism, Criticism of Muhammad § Age of 3rd wife Aisha, varied levels of respect by different branches, Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary,, "A'ishah: 614–678: Third wife of Muhammad", "Our Mother A'isha's Age at the Time Of Her Marriage to The Prophet", "Hadith - Book of Merits of the Helpers in Madinah (Ansaar) - Sahih al-Bukhari - - Sayings and Teachings of Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم)", "Hadith - Book of Jihad (Kitab Al-Jihad) - Sunan Abi Dawud - - Sayings and Teachings of Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم)", "Al-Ifk: Lessons from the heinous lie against 'Ā'isha (radiyAllau 'anha), Mother of the Believers", "Great Women of Islam – Zaynab bint Jahsh", "Khalifa Ali bin Abu Talib – Ayesha's Occupation of Basra (Hakim b Jabala)", "Khalifa Ali bin Abu Talib – Ayesha's Occupation of Basra (War in Basra)", "History Shows the Importance of Women in Muslim Life", "Objections to the Shia criticisms leveled at Ayesha", "A'ishah in the Islamic World: Past and Present", "The Battle of Basra (the battle of Camel)",, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox military person with embed, All articles needing additional references, Articles needing additional references from August 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2014, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from June 2014, Articles with dead external links from October 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TDVİA identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 February 2021, at 21:02. Hisham lbn Urwa (a prominent narrator of hadith) said: ‘I have never seen anyone who could have knowledge of an ayah (Quranic verse), an obligatory act, a Sunnah act, poetry, history, lineage, judgement, or medicine better than Aisha (R.A.). All biographical information on Muhammad and his companions was first recorded over a century after his death,[36] but the ahadith[37] and sīra (traditional Islamic biographies of Muhammad) provide records of early Islam through an unbroken chain of transmission. When Aisha (R.A.) found that the army convoy had gone, she stayed there and sat down to rest, hoping that someone would come back to fetch her when her absence was noticed. [Ref. [90] This refers to when Safiyya bint Huyayy (one of Muhammad's wives) tried to help ‘Uthmān and was taken by the crowd. Among her unique characteristics is that the Prophet (S.A.W.) She (RA) was the third and youngest wife of Prophet Muhammad (SAW). In fact, the Messenger of Allah (S.A.W.) There is little known about Aisha's (R.A.) childhood years. saw her playing with a winged horse. Soon after this event, Muhammad reported that he had received a revelation in which he was told that he could eat anything permitted by God. whenever a site wants to see your location. [7][8] In Islamic writings, her name is thus often prefixed by the title "Mother of the Believers" (Arabic: أمّ المؤمنين‎, romanized: ʾumm al-muʾminīn), referring to the description of Muhammad's wives in the Qur'an. Aïcha (arabe : عائشة بنت أبي بكر [ʿĀʾisha bint Abī Bakr]), née à La Mecque vers 614, selon la tradition islamique [1], et morte à Médine vers 678, possiblement le 13 juillet [2], est la … '"[65] Furthermore, Muhammad and Aisha had a strong intellectual relationship. prayer times and nearby Islamic places. Normally when discussing the marriage of the Prophet (Peace and Salutations be upon him) to Aisha the first question that is raised is the age of Aisha when she married the Prophet (Peace and Salutations be upon him). [60][61][62] Additionally, they were close enough that each was able to discern the mood of the other, as many stories relate. He sent her back to Medina under military escort headed by her brother Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr, one of Ali's commanders. If you see "blocked" under "Location," tap, Give current location access on your browser, You will see a message that says "This will reset your During the time of the third caliph Uthman, Aisha had a leading part in the opposition that grew against him, though she did not agree either with those responsible for his assassination or with the party of Ali. For example, she was given the title of al-siddiqa bint al-Siddiq, meaning 'the truthful woman, daughter of the truthful man',[16] a reference to Abu Bakr's support of the Isra and Mi'raj. Thanks for reaching out. "[70], The story of the accusation of adultery levied against Aisha, also known as the Event of Ifk,[71] can be traced to sura (chapter) An-Nur of the Qur'an. She contributed to the spread of Prophet’s (S.A.W.) As a result, every time Zaynab offered some of this honey to him he would spend a long time in her apartment. During Caliphate of her father Abu Bakr Siddiq (R.A.), Aisha (R.A.) was honored with titles ‘Al-Siddiqa bint Al-Siddiq’ (the truthful woman, daughter of the truthful man). Aisha (R.A.) was third and youngest wife of Prophet (S.A.W.). Before his death, he appointed ‘Umar, one of his chief advisers, as the second caliph. ʿĀʾishah bint Abī Bakr (Arabic: عائشة بنت أبي بكر‎ [ˈʕaːʔɪʃa], c. 613/614 – c. 678 CE),[a] also transcribed as Aisha (/ˈɑːiːʃɑː/,[2][3] also US: /-ʃə, aɪˈiːʃə/,[4] UK: /ɑːˈ(j)iːʃə/)[5] or variants,[b] was Muhammad's third and youngest wife. The Angel showed her image wrapped in green silk to Prophet (S.A.W.) Despite differences in culture, nationalities, and beliefs, these women believe that the lesson to be learned from Muhammad in Medina is that Islam is above all an egalitarian religion. Sie nahm den Islam an und wanderte mit dem Propheten (ALLAHs Frieden und Segen über ihn) nach Medina aus und starb. Asmā' bint Abi Bakr (Arabic: أسماء بنت أبي بكر ‎; c. 595 – 692 CE), was one of the companions of the prophet Muhammad and half-sister of his third wife Aisha.She is regarded as one of the most prominent islamical figures, as she helped the Prophet … If you find any inappropriate material (or links leading to inappropriate materials), kindly She eventually grew to despise ‘Uthmān, and many are unsure of what specifically triggered her eventual opposition towards him. Aisha Bint Aby Bakr RA. Muhammad's companion Abu Hurairah led her funeral prayer after the tahajjud (night) prayer, and she was buried at Jannat al-Baqi‘. [104] She was given the title al-Siddiqah, meaning 'the one who affirms the truth'. [66] Muhammad valued her keen memory and intelligence and so instructed his companions to draw some of their religious practices from her. section. showed the signs of receiving revelation like sweating and he (S.A.W.) She would like to sacrifice herself for him as saying: At the last moment of the Prophet's (S.A.W.) wives, Khadija bint Khuwaylid (R.A.) and Aisha bint Abi Bakr (R.A.) are the most famous.